1. Industry 1.0 (1784): Based on mechanical production equipment driven by water and steam power.
2. Industry 2.0 (1870): Based on mass production enabled by the division of labor and the use of electrical energy.
3. Industry 3.0 (1969): Based on the use of electronics and IT to further automate production.
4. Industry 4.0 (today): Based on the use of cyber-physical systems.