Learn Adjectives with examples | Types of adjectives
Definition of adjective.
An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives are usually come before nouns. Words like beautiful, good are descriptive words. These word describe the other words. These words are called adjectives.
- Maria is a beautiful girl.
- He is a good student.
- She is a intelligent woman.
- The boy is smart.
In the given sentences, the italic words are adjectives. Words – ”beautiful, good, intelligent, smart” are adjectives in the given sentences.These words- beautiful, good, intelligent, smart are qualify the girl,student, woman, boy in the given sentences.
Uses of adjectives
An adjective is said to be used attributively when the adjective is comes close to and before the noun.
- A red ball.
- An intelligent boy.
- A tall man.
- Long hair.
Adjective is said to be used predicatively when adjective expresses what is declared of some things or person, and come after the verbs.
- The girl is tall.
- The colour of my house is pink.
- The hair of my sister is black.
- My bike is fast.
Types of adjectives
Possessive adjectives are used indicate possession. ” My, our, your, his, her, its, their” are possessive adjectives
- He is my brother.
- It is my pen.
- This is his book.
- I like her painting.
Proper adjective are derived from proper nouns. Like Indian(adjective) is derived from India(noun) and American(adjective) derived from America(noun).
- Indians love to eat spicy food.
Quantitative adjectives describe quantity. Words many, whole, little, lots of, a lot of, much, some, etc are quantitative adjectives.
- My mother bought some vegetables.
- I eat many things in the party yesterday.
- She has lots of books.
- I have much money to buy this bike.
Qualitative adjectives describe the quality. Words like honest, long, short, tall, good, bad, smart , handsome, small etc are quantitative words.
- She is very beautiful woman.
- The handwriting of my friend is bad.
- My father is a honest man.
- His house is big.
This, that, these, those are demonstrative adjectives. We use these words to describe the nouns.
- This book which is on the table is mine.
- That bike is my favourite.
- I want to buy these chocolates.
- Those fruits in the kitchen is mine.
There are two types of numeral adjectives- (1) Definite adjective (2) Indefinite adjective
(1) Definite adjectives – There are three types of definite adjectives
(1) Cardinal- one, two, three, four, five etc.
(2) Ordinal- first, second, third, forth, fifth etc.
(3) Multiplicative- single, double, triple etc
- I have one car.
- I can not forget my first boyfriend.
- There are four double rooms in my house.
The order of definite adjectives- Ordinal + cardinal + multiplicative
The first five double rooms of my hostel.
(2) Indefinite adjectives– Many, various, several, a great deal of, some, enough, etc are indefinite adjectives.
- I have some cookies.
- she has read many books till now.
- I do not have enough money to buy this car.
- Many second year students are here.
Which, what, whose are interrogative adjectives. These words are used to ask questions.
- Whose car is this ?
- Which bike is yours?
- What time will we go to watch movie?
- Which place do you want to visit?
Own and very are emphasizing adjectives. These words are used to emphasize nouns.
- This is my own bike.
- It is the very(same) book that I wanted to read.
Exclamatory adjectives are used to express feelings, emotions. What, how are question words but these words are also used to show emotions.
- What a beautiful picture it is!
- How fast he eats!
- What an ugly dog!
- What a cute cat!