What is Preposition? | Prepositions with examples
Definition of preposition
A preposition is a word which defines relationship of noun or pronoun to other word in the sentence. Generally, prepositions are used before nouns or pronoun but sometimes, prepositions are not used before nouns or pronouns.
(a) She is going to railway station.
In the given example, “to” is a preposition which is defining the relation between “she” and “railway station”.
(b) There is a ball on table.
In the given example, ”on” is preposition which is establishing relation between ”ball” and ”table”.
(c) This is the boy whom I told you about.
(d) Here is the book that we are looking for.
NOTE- In the given example (a) and (b), ” about ” and ”for” are prepositions which are not used before the nouns.
Preposition of time – ”FOR”
Preposition ‘for’ is used to denote period of time.
(a) My brother has been playing football for two hours.
(b) They have been working in this field for three hours.
Preposition of time- ” SINCE”
“since” is used to denote ‘a point of time’.
(a) My father has been living in America since 1996.
(b) My friend has been working in this company since 2005.
Preposition of time – ”FROM”
‘From’ is also used to denote ” point of time” in the future tense or past tense.
(1) She will play with us from next week.
(2) Mike worked in this company from 1994 to 2005.
Preposition of time and place- ”AT”
”At ” is used to describe “hour’ and it is also used to denote places( small places).
(1) I study daily at 6 am. ( describing time)
(2) My father reads the newspaper at 7 am. ( describing time)
(3) My friend lives at Sikandra. ( denoting place)
Preposition of time and place- ”On”
It denotes ” day and date” and it is also used to denote places.
(1) She will came to meet me on Sunday. ( Preposition of time)
(2) My brother lost his book on Tuesday. (Preposition of time)
(2) I found my book on the table. ( Preposition of place)
Preposition of time- ” AFTER AND BEFORE”
After and before denote the period of time or point of time in the past.
(1) He finished his work before Christmas.
(2) She has came to school after a long time.
Preposition of time- ” TILL AND UNTIL”
Till and until are denotes point of time. The meaning of UNTIL is ‘ till not”.
(1) Do not move from here until I came.
(2) Do not move from here till I do not come.
Preposition of direction- ‘INTO’
It is used to describe ‘ motion towards inside.
(1) A black dog jumped into the river yesterday.
(2) I saw a ship sinking into the sea.
Preposition of direction- ” ACROSS”
It has different meanings. It is used to denote ”on the opposite side of”, ”from one side to another side”,
(1) My friend lives across the road. It means ( My friend lives on the opposite side of the river)
(2) A rope is tied across the river. It means ( A rope is tied from one side to another side)
Preposition of direction- ” COME ACROSS”
The meaning of ”come across” is ‘ to meet suddenly’. ‘With’ and ‘suddenly’ are never used with ‘ come across’.
Incorrect- I came across with her while she was walking on the road. ( Do not use ‘with’ with come across)
Correct- I came across her while she was walking on the road.
Incorrect- I suddenly came across while she was walking on the road. ( Do not use suddenly with come across)
Preposition of direction- ”AGAINST”
It is used to denote ‘ opposite’.
(1) He is against smoking.
(2) She is against eating tobacco.
Preposition of direction – ‘TOWARDS’
It is used to describe direction. It means ‘in the direction of’.
(1) Maria is coming towards her home.
(2) He is going towards the garden.
Preposition of time and place- ‘IN’
After is used in the meaning of “IN’ and it is also used to denote bigger places.
(1)I will provide you this book in a week. ( Preposition of time)
(2) She has been living in Delhi since 2005. ( Preposition of place)
Preposition of position- ‘ ABOVE AND BELOW ‘
They are used to denote level.
(1) Temperature of Delhi is above forty.
(2) My friend is below twenty.
Preposition of position- ‘OVER AND UNDER’
They are used to describe vertical position.
(1) She is sitting under the tree.
(2) I put the pen over the chair.
Preposition – ‘ BETWEEN’
Between is used to describe two things or person and ‘between’ is always followed by ‘ and ‘
(1) The boy who is running between Rahul and Sanjay, is my brother.